Here is a reminder of the thresholds for the current tax year (6th April 2020 - 5th April 2021)

Personal Allowance

You do not have to pay any tax on income up to the amount of £12,500.

Band

Taxable income

Tax rate

Personal Allowance

Up to £12,500

0%

Basic rate

£12,501 to £50,000

20%

Higher rate

£50,001 to £150,000

40%

Additional rate

over £150,000

45%



National Minimum Wage

It is against the law to pay under the national minimum wage.

Year

25 and over

21 to 24

18 to 20

Under 18

Apprentice

April 2020 (current rate)

£8.72

£8.20

£6.45

£4.55

£4.15

April 2019 to March 2020

£8.21

£7.70

£6.15

£4.35

£3.90



Dividend Allowance

The dividend allowance for this current year is £2,000

Tax band

Tax rate on dividends over the allowance

Basic rate

7.5%

Higher rate

32.5%

Additional rate

38.1%


There are many more rates and threshold that will be of value when it comes to your tax affairs, we have highlighted the most frequent rates.

We’ve all heard of IR35, but do you know the rule changes that are being introduced? IR35 also known as the ‘off-payroll’ working rules and will kick in if a worker provides their services through an intermediary.  It’s been in the news for some time now affecting a lot of News and TV presenters and has been making big headlines.   From April 2020 this will now be affecting the private sector from any industry where they are working either through a limited company or as a sole trader but the relationship between themselves and the client could constitute an employer/employee relationship.

An intermediary will usually be the worker’s own personal service company, such as a limited company. They could also be a partnership, a managed service company, or an individual who is on self-assessment.

The rules make sure that workers, who would have been an employee if they were providing their services directly to the client, pay broadly the same tax and National Insurance contributions as employees.

 

The rules apply if a worker provides their services to a client through an intermediary but would be classed as an employee if they were contracted directly.

 

So, who decides?

 

If you’re a worker and your client is in the public sector like a school or library, it’s their responsibility to decide your employment status. You should be told of their decision; we’ve seen a large number of the larger companies starting to make changes to their arrangements with their subcontractors in preparation for this event.     This will affect everyone, including people who employ a Cleaner, a subcontractor in the building industry.   IR35 supersedes the CIS scheme i.e. its take priority over the CIS scheme above everything.

 

If you are a worker and your client is in the private sector, it’s your intermediary’s responsibility to decide your own employment status for each contract. The private sector includes third sector organisations, such as some charities.


HMRC do have a calculator on their website to help you see for yourself whether you would have to comply with the rules.

 

There are tests that are run to decide this for you.

 

https://www.gov.uk/guidance/check-employment-status-for-tax

 

Some of the tests are as follows

 

Who has the control, can you say no to projects or specific pieces of work, or are you required to take whatever work is given to you.


Do you use your own tools at work?


Do you have public liability insurance and employers liability insurance?

 

Can you send in a substitute for yourself?   Not a main point but it does get weighted on any HMRC decision.

 

The difference on what this will mean for you, is that you will no longer be able to claim the travel expenses you would have been able to claim before regardless of the distance you are travelling to work, plus you will pay the higher national insurance which currently is 12% for employees and 13.8% for  employers.   You effectively could pay out both rates, not just the one.

HMRC do not care if you have given up your employment rights, i.e. holiday pay and sick pay.    We are expecting them to spot check individuals at any point during 2020.

The costs to the private sector will be very high, we haven’t seen the updated budget expected to be out in March 2020.  But are expecting with all the news coverage and the actions the larger companies are planning, everyone could be affected imminently.

If you are facing this problem with your own subcontractors, please get in touch with us, we have a risk assessment template for our clients that they can use.   If you are a subcontractor yourself, it is worth getting in touch with your contractor to find out their plans for the system.   

A lot of these companies are planning on putting everyone on PAYE whether you receive the employment rights that go with that change, we are still waiting to see.

2019 has not been the easiest of years for many of our clients, the lengthy political and economic uncertainty is making the general public think a lot more about spending their hard-earned money.  Small businesses are having to renegotiate with their suppliers and look at all their costs to ride the storm we find ourselves in at the moment.

 

Not ones to sit down and wait for things to happen, this blog is about refinancing. 2019 may not have been the best year, but let’s not sit and see if 2020 will be better. Now is the time to review your finances. Autumn is a great time of year to look at this, you’re halfway through the financial year, summer is over, and Christmas is around the corner, the end of the year will be here before you know it.


So, what is refinancing?


Refinancing is the process of replacing an existing loan with a new loan. Typically, people refinance so they can get a better deal on their current loan. For example, you may be able to get a better interest rate than what you are on currently, saving you money. Refinancing also depends on your credit score, current deal and many other factors.

 

You may also have some assets in your business currently tying up cash and want to get a loan to put more liquid cash into the business, to allow you to put some plans for 2020 into practise right now.


Why refinance?


If you have a loan or a mortgage, it is worth speaking to the provider for refinancing. Some potential advantage of refinancing includes:

  • Lowering your monthly payments. You can then put to use your extra saving to pay off other debts or towards your saving goals.
  • You can combine your debts into one with some refinancing options. This is good so you know exactly when payments need to be made.
  • Usually able to negotiate lower interest rates.
  • Cashflow is tight but you have some assets that can assist you gain some cash to put back into the business.

Studies have shown that trying to negotiate a better refinancing deal tends to save people money and a lot of stress. Some questions to ask yourself is if you are paying too much monthly on any equipment that you could possibly lower or if you are too dependent on your bank overdraft as it is one of the most expensive bowing methods. Knowing where all your finances lay can help you budget and with the extra cash you can invest in yourself or your business.

 

Mortgages are the cheapest form of loans, credit cards tend to be the most expensive. It may be a time to sit down with your bank manager or even your accountant and look at the best ways of saving yourself some interest along the way.


Typically, business owners who plan ahead with their finances and put plans together not only achieve their plans, but tend to be charged less by the banks for the privilege of lending money from them.

 

So what are you doing, get planning 2020 is going to be an amazing year, let it be a good one for you.

We all want to leave something behind for our loved ones. It’s what we get up in the morning and work hard for. But a financial gift unfortunately has a tax implication to it. Research shows that only 45% of people making financial gifts are aware of Inheritance Tax.

 

It is always recommended to write a will, you can get a professional to do this for you for as little as £150. Make sure your money goes to who you want it to.    

 

We are hearing a lot of cases where there is no will. It can cause issues in a couple of situations example if your partner needs to go into a nursing home. What happens to children under the age of 18. Your wife, husband or civil partner having difficulty accessing family funds.

 

The treasury benefits from £5.8 billion income in inheritance tax each year. There are also 10,000 unclaimed estates where a no next of kin has been found worth more than £150,000, plus thousands more amounting to several million pounds. After 30 years that money is gone if a direct descendant cannot be found, it goes straight to the treasury and not to your family.    

  

Live in partners are not next of kin, even if they have been living with you for 20 years or more. Under inheritance tax law they have no rights to anything if a will has not been created.

 

So, what is Inheritance Tax?

Inheritance Tax is a tax on an estate of someone who’s died. An estate is the likes of property, money and possessions. There is a tax-free threshold of £325,000. You normally don’t have to pay inheritance tax if the value of your estate falls below the £325,000 threshold.

 

If you pass all your assets to your wife/husband, civil partner there is no inheritance tax to pay, its only when you give assets away to other people that inheritance tax is payable. Its 40% tax over and above the nil rate band.

 

There is an elected transfer to your spouse, civil partner or charity where both your nil rate band and your partners can be added together to make a maximum tax-free amount of £650,000. The transfer is claimed on the occasion of the 2nd partner dying. It’s not automatic there is a form to complete for this. Don’t assume its Automatic.

 

Your threshold can also increase if your estate is worth more than £325,000 and you give your home away to your children (this includes adopted, foster or stepchildren) or grandchildren. There is up to an extra £150,000 available to be added to your threshold. If the estate is below £325,000, you will still have to report this to HMRC. Probate forms usually must be completed within a certain timeframe of someone dying.    

 

Example

Say your estate is worth £550,000, your tax-free threshold is £325,000. You will get an increase of up to £150,000 if your home is given to direct descendants. The inheritance tax charged will be 40% of £75,000.

 

Who pays the tax bill?

Funds from your estate are used to pay the Inheritance Tax to HMRC.  If there is a will this is done by the person dealing with the estate known as the executor. The beneficiaries are the people who inherit your estate do not normally pay the tax on the things they inherit.

 

7 Year Rule

There is normally no inheritance tax to pay if you gift your home and live for another 7 years, although capital gains tax might come into play.  If you die within 7 years of giving all or part of your property, your home will be treated as a gift and the 7-year rule applies. There are many tax reliefs that can be gained between the 0 years and 7-year rule. Always use an accountant if your estate has multiple sources of income. Don’t miss out on the hidden tax reliefs.

 

Gifts

You do not have to pay any tax on gifts between spouses, you can give them as much as you like during your lifetime.   

 

Anyone is entitled to give gifts of up to £3,000 per annum without any inheritance tax being involved. You can carry over an unused annual exemption to the next financial year, this can only be the next financial year that immediately follows. It’s important to record this in a diary as proof to avoid it being used to reduce your nil rate band.

 

You can also give away the following, in each tax year:

·         Wedding gifts of up to £1,000 to any person (£2,500 to a grandchild, and £5,000 to a child)

·         Normal gifts out of your income, such as Christmas or birthday presents

·         Payments to help another person’s living cost such as an elderly relative

·         Gifts to charities and political parties

You can also give as many gifts of up to £250 per person as you want during the tax year if you have not used another exemption on the same person.

 

Inheritance tax is a complicated tax system that encounters many of the other tax systems within it, always seek professional advice if this is not a straightforward estate.

For those of you watching the Glastonbury Festival over the weekend.     

It was a great boost to our UK economy.   Some £40 million turnover taken over the 5 day event.  Over 200,000 people attended and 3 million people tuned in to see Kylie Minogue, with Stormsy and The Killers pulling in great ratings too.

Donations to Oxfam, Green Peace and Water Aid were the main charities benefiting from the event.

The area I want to draw to your attention was over 200,000 attended the event this year, and over 400 small food and merchandise providers helped make the event a great success.

Whether you love it or hate it,   its provided a great boost to what has been so far quite a difficult 2019 for many retail and service outlets.

Those 400 food and merchandise providers will be providing jobs to thousands of people, creating work for not just the Somerset area but all over the UK, as a lot of the suppliers would have travelled to the area for work.   

There was also 2,000 volunteers mainly representing and supporting the three main charities.

With our continuing confused political market at the moment, with uncertainty with what is happening with Brexit.    A lot of small businesses are struggling to keep a float,  they are finding it harder to gain long term contracts, and being able to gain fixed prices for goods that may be coming from overseas.    The uncertainty affects everything.    The exchange rate of the Pound Sterling to Euro is also still highly volatile.

Please keep supporting your local businesses, they are keeping millions of people employed at the moment, we most definitely need them into 2020.

We never hear about them in the news when they suffer, they just go about their business quietly.       We only hear about the larger companies finding things tough at the moment.

Our economy and stability we all like to take for granted heavily relies on them.

Give your local business whoever they are your full support in 2019 regardless of the political outcome.      Lets keep our economy robust to ride the storm.

#shop local